TB Vaccine ( BCG ) BrisbaneOctober 15th, 2013
The only vaccine available for use in Australia is the vaccine made by the Serum Institute of India (SII) It is not formally registered for Australia – the registered vaccine has been unavailable for a few years. Vaccines made by the SII are accredited by the World Health Organisation and used in 140 countries around the globe in their national immunisation programs. Dr Deb Mills is an authorised prescriber of this BCG Vaccine.
The TB vaccine is not recommended for those living in Australia. Contracting TB in Australia is rare. Travellers visiting High Risk TB countries need to be aware of TB prevention strategies. Sometimes TB vaccine will be recommended.
The TB vaccine is usually recommended to protect young children who will be going to live, or visit relatives, in high TB risk countries. BCG vaccine reduces the risk of death from TB in children. Sometimes a Mantoux test must be done 2 days before a BCG vaccine.
The TB vaccine is usually given on the left arm. BCG is one of the few vaccines that can leave a scar. Since one TB vaccine is recommended in a lifetime, having the scar in a designated place makes it easier to determine if someone has been vaccinated.
Photos of TB vaccine progression
More info on TB and the TB vaccine/BCG
Tuberculosis is second only to HIV/AIDS as the greatest killer worldwide due to a single infectious agent.
TB is a disease of poverty, affecting mostly young adults in their most productive years. The vast majority of TB deaths are in the developing world, with more than half in Asia.
About 90% of persons infected with TB germs in their body, are not sick. These persons are said to have latent TB.
The other 10% of infected persons will become sick with TB at some stage during their lifetime. Most persons who develop active TB, do so within the first two years after exposure. Persons who are sick with TB are said to have active TB.
Multidrug-resistant TB is a very dangerous form of TB that is spreading around the world, and does not respond to the standard treatment.
As outlined in an earlier blog entry there is some evidence that a BCG vaccine decreases the risk of developing melanoma.
Location details of the PA hospital chest clinic – ( when supplies are available, they provide free TB vaccine service for Brisbane and South East QLD)
Media story about closure of TB clinic: Doctors have called to keep the chest clinic open